12 interesting facts about the New Year
Why in Europe the Christmas tree was hanging upside down, where Santa Claus presents in France and how in Russia there were glass Christmas balls - we collected the most interesting facts about the main holiday of the planet
Every year in December, we habitually decorate a Christmas tree, give each other presents and light Bengal lights. Behind all these traditions is a whole story: for example, crackers drive away evil spirits, and a general cleaning on New Year's Eve brings wealth and luck next year. These and other interesting facts about the main winter holiday are described in this post.
1. Upside down
In medieval Europe, the trees did not stand, but hung upside down on the ceiling. The hanging tree was decorated with sweets, and the children had to pick them. So, the design idea of hanging the Christmas tree to the ceiling is not at all know-how, but, one might say, an old custom.
2. Street festivities
The New Year tree in Russia appeared much later: it was brought together with tobacco and potatoes by Peter I from Europe. Firs put on the street and did not decorate - the trees themselves were adornment.By the way, the Christmas tree got accustomed to us not immediately: the fact is that the conifer was considered gloomy and supposedly attracted evil spirits.
3. The Christmas tree
In 1840, the Christmas tree moved from the street to the house - the Germans who lived in St. Petersburg brought it home first. This custom was so popular with the townspeople that they also put a Christmas tree at home. The tree was decorated with rings, ribbons and beads, and at that time the first Christmas markets appeared.
4. Gift from Saxony
The first to make Christmas balls from glass were Saxon masters in the 16th century. And by the middle of the XIX century, industrial production of Christmas-tree toys began in Saxony - cardboard bells, bird and animal figurines, colorful cones and nuts joined the glass balls.
5. Like an apple
In Russia, Christmas balls appeared much later - about a hundred years ago. Previously, the Christmas tree was decorated with delicacies: candies, nuts, gingerbread and apples in a bright wrapper. It is said that the first Christmas ball appeared because of the crop failure of apples. Fruit stocks for the winter ended and resourceful glass blowers blew balls to replace the round apples.
6. One, two, three! Shine Christmas tree!
The first time a luminous electric garland was hanged from the White House in 1895.Before that, the tree was decorated with candles while the American telegraph operatorRalph morrisI did not think to replace the fire hazardous candles with the thread of signal light bulbs.
7. "Happy New Year" in English
And the first New Year card was printed in London in 1843. The tradition of exchanging written congratulations quickly took root in England and soon spread throughout the world. By the way, the USA is traditionally considered the record holder by the number of New Year's cards and gifts.
8. The secret of fireworks
The tradition with fireworks and crackers came from Asia. By the way, they were invented not at all for fun, but for protection from evil spirits who are seeking refuge for themselves on the eve of the New Year. It is possible to scare away evil spirits with noise and bright light - so the firecrackers appeared. It is curious that even in modern China, the first day of the New Year is accompanied by an incessant explosion of firecrackers and fireworks.
9. From scratch
It is customary for us to start general cleaning on New Year's Eve, but in Cuba we limit ourselves to washing dishes. All the dishes in the house are filled with water, which is thrown out onto the street on New Year's Eve. It is believed that in this way you can wash away all sins.By the way, the New Year in Cuba is called the Day of Kings.
10. House cleaning in Italian
Bringing order for the New Year is accepted in Italy, but without detergents or a broom. The fact is that on New Year's Eve the Italians throw old things away, and right from the windows. It is believed that the more old things are thrown away, the more wealth and luck the New Year will bring.
11. The best places for gifts
Santa Claus lays a gift for our children under the tree, in Germany - on the window sill, and in Sweden - near the stove. In England and France, it is customary to decorate a house with stockings and shoes, so Santa Claus puts gifts directly into shoes or stockings.
12. Santa Claus Residences
In Russia, Santa Claus has three houses: in Arkhangelsk (since the end of the 80s of the last century), the Chunoser estate (since 1995) and Veliky Ustyug (since 1998). A year ago, the house of Santa Claus appeared also in Murmansk. Another, more virtual, Santa Claus home is called the North Pole.
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