What is the drug colestipol used for
What Is Colestipol (Colestid)?
Colestipol is the generic form of the brand-name drug Colestid, which is used to treat high cholesterol.
This prescription medicine is also sometimes given to treat chronic diarrhea after certain intestinal surgeries, and to relieve itching associated with liver disease.
Colestipol is a bile acid sequestrant. It works by promoting the elimination of bile acids in the stool.
The drug is used as treatment along with lifestyle adjustments, such as changes in diet and exercise.
Lowering the levels of cholesterol and other fatty substances in the blood may help prevent heart disease, chest pain, heart attack, and stroke in some people.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved colestipol in 1977. It's manufactured as Colestid by Pfizer, Inc.
Before taking colestipol, tell your doctor if you have, or have ever had:
Be sure to follow your doctor's dietary recommendations while taking colestipol. It's generally best to consume a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet while using this medicine.
You might also need to drink extra fluids and consume more fiber while taking colestipol. Talk to your doctor about any further instructions.
This medicine should be used with extreme caution in children. Safety and effectiveness haven't been confirmed in children.
Keep all appointments with your doctor and laboratory while taking colestipol. You'll need frequent blood tests to check your body's response to the medication.
If a tablet of colestipol gets stuck after you swallow it, and you notice chest pressure or discomfort, call your doctor immediately. Don't take another tablet unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
It may take several weeks after starting on colestipol before you notice any changes in your cholesterol levels.
Don't stop taking this drug without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Pregnancy and Colestipol
It's not known whether colestipol could harm an unborn baby.
Tell your doctor if you're pregnant or might become pregnant while taking this medicine. You'll need to discuss the risks and benefits of using colestipol during pregnancy.
It's also not known whether the drug could pass into breast milk or hurt a breastfeeding baby. Check with your doctor before breastfeeding while taking colestipol.
Colestipol Side Effects
Common Side Effects of Colestipol
Tell your doctor if any of the following side effects become severe or don't go away:
Serious Side Effects of Colestipol
Tell your doctor right away if you experience any of the following serious side effects:
- Unusual bleeding (such as bleeding from the rectum or gums)
- Chest pressure or discomfort
- Irregular heartbeat
- Severe constipation
- Muscle weakness
- Trouble swallowing
- Unusual bruising
- Signs of a severe allergic reaction, including rash, hives, itching, difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest, or swelling of the face, mouth, lips, or tongue
Tell your doctor about all prescription, nonprescription, illegal, recreational, herbal, nutritional, or dietary drugs you're taking, especially:
Colestipol and Other Interactions
Colestipol may cause dizziness or lightheadedness. Don't drive, operate machinery, or perform other activities that require alertness until you know how this medicine affects you.
Colestipol and Alcohol
Alcohol may worsen certain unwanted side effects of colestipol.
Talk to your doctor before drinking alcohol while taking this drug.
Colestipol comes as a tablet or granules to take by mouth.
Your dose will depend on your medical condition, age, response to treatment, and other factors.
Colestipol can interfere with the absorption of other medicines. Be sure to take all other medication at least one hour before, or four hours after, your dose of colestipol.
Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully when taking this medicine. Don't use more or less colestipol than is recommended.
Colestipol granules are usually taken two to four times a day.
Add the granules to at least 3 ounces of liquid and mix completely. You can use water, milk, fruit juice, or a soft drink.
If you use a carbonated drink, mix it slowly in a large glass to reduce foaming.
Drink the colestipol mixture. Then, rinse the glass with a small amount of additional liquid and drink it, so that you receive the entire dose.
Colestipol granules can also be mixed with thin soups, hot or cold breakfast cereals, and certain pulpy fruits, such as pears, peaches, fruit cocktail, or crushed pineapple.
Talk to your doctor about how to properly mix the medication.
Don't take colestipol granules without mixing them with some type of liquid.
Colestipol tablets can be taken with or without food. They're usually taken once or twice daily.
Swallow the tablet whole. Don't crush, chew, or split it.
Take one tablet at a time, and swallow it right away.
Take each colestipol tablet with a full glass of water or other liquid.
If you suspect an overdose, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. You can get in touch with a poison control center at 800-222-1222.
Missed Dose of Colestipol
If you miss a dose of colestipol, take it as soon as you remember. Then, take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals.
Don't double up on a dose to make up for a missed one.
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