How do numerals lean?
On the letter numbers can be made out in three ways: digital, alphabetic and mixed. Of these, only the literal method can cause difficulty. To use it, you need to know how the numerals tend. Often this knowledge is given to us even at school, but after its completion, even after a couple of years, the rarely used rules disappear from our head. So let's repeat these simple laws of writing.
In the literal way in the text it is accepted to designate unambiguous quantitative numerals, with the exception of cases when they refer to physical quantities. But if the unit of a physical quantity is presented not in abbreviation, but written in full word, then the number can also be written in words. For example, 8 kg - eight kilograms. Numbers are divided into:
- quantitative - indicate the number of units (one, two, three);
- collective - formed from quantitative using suffixes (two, three, four);
- ordinal - denote units when counting (first, second, third);
- fractional - represent fractional numbers (two thirds, five tenths).
In addition, according to the number of words and bases, they are divided into components (consist of several words) and complex (the base consists of several parts, for example, seventy, five hundred, nine hundred). Having determined the type of numeral you want to write, you can apply to it the rules that apply to each of these groups. It must be remembered that most of the numerals are inclined by the third declination. However, the numeral "thousand" should be changed, as the noun of the first declension. So, it’s right to write “with a thousand,” not “with a thousand.”
Declination of numbers
If these are numerals like “forty”, “ninety” and “one hundred”, they should be used in such form in the nominative and accusative cases, and in the other cases it is necessary to write “forty”, “ninety”, “hundred”. By the way, the word "one and a half" also has two forms: in the nominative and accusative cases - "one and a half" (if feminine, then one and a half), and in all other cases it should be written as "one and a half". As for all collective numerals, as well as the numerals “two,” “three,” and “four,” they should lean like adjectives.The words that designate the numbers from five to nine inclusive, and the numerals that end in fifty, the decimal, should be inclined along the lines of the third declension nouns.
It is necessary to be extremely careful when writing numbers that represent hundreds, namely from 200 to 900 inclusive. So, in the genitive case, they must end in -sot, in the case of dative, in -stam, in the creative, in -astam, and in the prepositional in -state. With regard to the composite and complex cardinal numbers, each declination should change each part of the number. For example, sixty, fifty six, seventy eight. In composite ordinal numbers, only the last word should be inclined. For example, fifty-eighth, sixty-ninth. When declining fractional numerals need to change all the words. It should be noted that in this case the denominator changes as an adjective in the plural, and the numerator changes as the corresponding integer. For example, three (how?) Seventh, two (what?) Third. It should also be noted that complex numbers should be written together, and compound numbers separately.At the same time, the number of words in compound numerals equals the number of digits, not counting zeros, in addition, such words as “one thousand”, “one million” and others can be added.
Declination of ordinal numbers
Namely, those that end in the thousandth, -millionth, and so on, must be written together. In phrases that indicate the date, the numeral must control the genitive case of the noun. For example: "The company promises to pay off wage arrears by December 30 (not December)."
Now you know exactly how numerals tend, and you can avoid annoying mistakes in writing. Try not to forget such useful rules, and if you forget, then you know where they can be repeated.
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