• How are the organs located?

    It is important and useful for every person to know about your body as much as possible The school studies anatomy, which tells in detail how human organs are located in the body. Over time, this knowledge may be forgotten, but this will not make it less important. We propose to once again plunge into the school topic about the location of organs in the human body and once again clarify which organs are where. We will examine the bodies in order.

    Human organs

    A heart

    The first body in the question of how the internal organs are located, we consider the human heart. The heart is in the chest, most of the heart is located in its left area, a small - in the right. The heart is an organ that has four compartments, it consists of muscles that are constantly contracting and relaxing. The heart never stops, as long as a person is alive, it accelerates blood throughout the body.

    Brain

    This organ is a mass of nervous tissue that is located inside the skull. The brain is the most important organ of the nervous system, it controls the nervous activity and thinking of a person.The largest part of the brain is its two hemispheres, which are responsible for movement and mental processes. Under the hemispheres, behind the head is the cerebellum - the organ responsible for balance and muscle reflexes. The pons are another part of the brain, located below the cerebellum, its function is to receive nerve impulses and their further transmission. Below Varoliev's bridge is the medulla, which gradually passes into the spinal cord. He also deals with the transmission of nerve signals.

    Spinal cord

    The next organ in the question of where a particular organ is is the spinal cord. The spinal cord is located in the spinal canal. This channel is formed by separate vertebrae, which are combined in the spine. The spinal cord starts from the medulla oblongata and ends in the lower back. The function of the spinal cord is the transmission of signals to the brain from all other organs.

    Pituitary

    This gland is located in the deepening of the skull. It produces hormones that enter the blood.

    Language

    This is a muscular organ that is located in the oral cavity. Language is necessary for recognizing the taste of food, for chewing it, and language is also involved in the formation of speech.

    Pharynx

    It is located behind the nose and mouth.The pharynx passes through itself the air that a person breathes and the food that he eats. Down from the pharynx depart: the esophagus, through which food enters the stomach, and the larynx, through which air passes into the trachea, and then into the lungs.

    Palatine tonsils

    The paired glands located behind the tongue on both sides of the pharynx. Doctors believe that they are delaying the bacteria so that they do not get inside.

    Adenoids

    Located on the back of the pharynx, above, behind the nose.

    Larynx

    We continue to talk about how human organs are located. The larynx is the upper part of the trachea. It is easy to recognize the location of the larynx from the bulge in front of the throat, which is called the “Adam's apple.” In this "Adam's apple" are the vocal cords.

    Thyroid

    It can be found on the front of the neck; it is located on both sides of the trachea. The function of the thyroid gland is the production of a hormone responsible for the breakdown of food eaten. Also, the thyroid gland helps to restore the worn cells of the body.

    Parathyroid gland

    Their 4, they are behind the thyroid gland and produce a hormone that controls the amount of phosphorus and calcium in the body.

    Esophagus

    It is an organ tube that goes from the pharynx to the stomach, its function is the transfer of food from the mouth to the stomach.

    Trachea

    The organ begins from the larynx in its lower part, further divided into two bronchi. The trachea passes air into and out of the lungs.

    Bronchi

    They connect the trachea and lungs, located between them.

    Lungs

    The lungs are located inside the chest, protected by ribs from all sides. When you inhale the lungs absorb the oxygen necessary for the life of the whole organism, and when you exhale emit carbon dioxide outside.

    Breast glands

    There are men and women, but the second is more developed. The breast glands produce milk to feed the baby. They are located outside between the rib cage and the stomach.

    Liver

    The next organ in question is how the organs are located - the liver. It is the largest organ in the human body. The liver is located in the upper abdominal region, below the diaphragm. The liver is necessary for a person to accumulate useful substances and distribute them throughout the body with the help of blood, as well as to cleanse the blood of harmful products.

    Gallbladder

    One of the organs involved in the digestive process.It looks like a pear, a small bag with thin walls. The gallbladder is located immediately under the liver. It accumulates bile, which is released from it along the bile duct into the intestine. Bile in the intestines is necessary for the digestion of fats contained in the food we consume.

    Spleen

    It resembles a large bean in shape, this organ is located in the left side of the abdominal cavity. Before a person is born, the spleen produces red blood cells; after birth, dead cells in the spleen are destroyed.

    Pancreas

    It is located in the middle of the abdominal cavity, lower stomach. If you want to know more about the location of the pancreas, you can read the article, which can be read by following the link. The pancreas is engaged in the production of insulin, a hormone responsible for the normal amount of sugar in the blood. In addition, this body secretes digestive juice, which is necessary for the digestion of food.

    Stomach

    This organ is located in the left upper part of the abdominal cavity. Above it is the esophagus, under it - the small intestine.The stomach crushes the food that comes from the esophagus.

    Small intestine

    It is a long muscle tube that connects the stomach and the large intestine. At length, this gut is more than six meters. Its first section is the duodenum, the second is the jejunum, and the third is the ileum. The small intestine takes the gastric juice and bile, and also releases intestinal juice itself. They are all necessary for the digestion of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Food, vitamins and mineral salts are absorbed by the walls of the small intestine, and then transferred to the liver. From the liver, these substances are sent to the organs.

    Colon

    Located in the lower right part of the abdominal cavity, immediately follows the small intestine. Then it bends in such a way that it rises to the liver, then to the diaphragm, then after the next bend it goes down. In its lower part, it passes into the rectum, which ends in the anus. The colon is divided into the following sections: the caecum, the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, the rectum, the anus. At length, the colon is more than two meters.The large intestine is needed to absorb water from feces and move it to the anus for removal.

    Appendix

    It is a small appendix of the colon, which is combined with the cecum in the lower right part of the abdominal cavity. In this organ appendicitis may develop. You can read about the location of appendicitis in the article by following this link.

    Kidney

    It is a paired organ, each kidney is like a fist-sized bean. The kidneys are located in the back of the abdominal cavity below the ribs. Kidneys are needed to cleanse the blood of harmful substances that are excreted in the urine.

    Adrenal glands

    They are located in the upper abdominal cavity on the kidneys. The kidneys produce two important hormones - cortisone and adrenaline, and also control chemicals in the blood.


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