• How is rubella tolerated by adults

    ������Rubella is traditionally considered a "childhood disease." Indeed, children suffer from it more often than adults. This is due to the fact that rubella, like some other viral diseases, forms a lifelong immunity: a person who has had a rubella in childhood will not get it anymore.
    Like measles and windy smallpox, rubella in adults is much harder than in children. If a child has a fever, then in an adult it can reach 38.5-39.0.
    The catarrhal period of the disease, immediately following the incubation and lasting for 1-3 days, may be asymptomatic in children, in adults it is accompanied by weakness, headache, and lack of appetite. In many patients there is pain in the joints, which can be so severe that it interferes with the implementation of the simplest household actions.
    Rash in adults is more pronounced than in children, and lasts longer. Rashes can merge, forming rather large foci.
    In adults, much more often than in children, there are complications. They are caused by the addition of a bacterial infection that causes a sore throat, otitis media or pneumonia. There may be a complication in the form of arthritis. The most dangerous complications affecting the nervous system: encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, encephalomyelitis. In severe cases, even fatal.
    Rubella is especially dangerous for pregnant women. After the 4th month of pregnancy, this infection no longer affects the fetus, but if the infection occurred in the first trimester, the risk of congenital abnormalities is at least 25%. Most often it happens Greg's triad - a combination of congenital deafness, blindness and heart disease. It is also possible liver damage or congenital dementia.
    There is a perception that rubella - like measles or smallpox - �must be overthrown in childhood� in order to protect itself against this disease for the rest of its life. This is only partly true. Unlike measles or windy smallpox, rubella may not provide lifelong immunity if it has been tolerated in a mild form, and in children it usually goes that way. Consequently, a person who has had rubella in childhood cannot feel completely protected from this disease.
    Closer to the truth, it would be a statement that a woman should have rubella in an adult state, but before pregnancy. However, in the modern world it is not necessary to get sick of a viral disease in order to acquire immunity - it is enough to get vaccinated. This vaccination is given to children at the age of 1 year and 6 years. If a person was not vaccinated in childhood, it can be done in an adult state. Women planning a pregnancy are advised to receive a rubella vaccine at least one month before the expected pregnancy.

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