How is staphylococcus transmitted?
Staphylococcus is a certain type of microorganisms that can cause a large number of different infectious diseases in humans. Staphylococcus progresses: currently 27 species are known, 14 of them were found on mucous membranes and human skin.
How to protect yourself from staph? Learning about him as much as possible and trying not to get sick is the surest way. In this article we will take a detailed look at how staphylococcus is transmitted.
How can you get staphylococcus
The main route of entry of this virus into the human body is airborne dust and airborne droplets. It can enter the body through mucous membranes, skin, in particular, through dirty hands. You can also get staphylococcus through blood, eyes, burns, and open wounds.
Staphylococcus can also be transmitted through catheters, dressings, instruments, food and personal hygiene items.
Many are interested in the question of whether staphylococcus is transmitted through sex or not. We have to upset you - yes, staphylococcus is sexually transmitted.How and why does this happen? The source of staphylococcus - people who suffer from staphylococcal angina. If you have sex with one of these people, staphylococcus through the mucous membranes is able to penetrate the urinary tract, where it will begin to develop.
There is also a type of staphylococcus, such as Staphylococcus aureus. How is this view transmitted? Staphylococcus aureus is well studied, but because of this it is no less dangerous for humans. He is the cause of about 100 dangerous diseases. These bacteria are very tenacious, widespread and adapt well to various types of antibiotics.
Staphylococcus aureus can be contracted through medical devices, intravenous nutrition, artificial lung ventilation, hemodialysis. At risk - people with immunodeficiency or low immunity. But if all the standards of hygiene and immunity are good, then Staphylococcus aureus does not attack the human body, but only peacefully coexists near or in the organism itself. It is possible to fall ill with Staphylococcus aureus after illnesses that have entailed a decrease in immunity: influenza, ARVI, injuries, dysbacteriosis, and also after undergoing surgical operationsvarious medical procedures and long-term antibiotic therapy.
You can get sick and through any food.
What is dangerous staphylococcus
Treat staphylococcus necessary! Not so much he is terrible as the consequences of it. For example, Staphylococcus aureus is capable of infecting any organ, including bone and brain, in which it can later cause inflammatory-purulent reactions.
Staphylococcus is divided into several types:
- Certainly pathogenic - have a high degree of mortality for living cells.
- Conditionally pathogenic - cause small inflammations, such as thickening and redness of the skin.
- Epidermal Staphylococcus - lives on any parts of the mucous membranes and skin. May cause endocarditis (which causes death), sepsis. Also able to infect joints, artificial valves and blood vessels.
- Saprophytic staphylococcus causes cystitis in women because it lives in the area of the mucous membranes of the urethra and on the genitals.
Staphylococcus aureus, as already mentioned, is the cause of more than 100 diseases.
Staphylococcus can cause lesions of various types - panaritiums, abscesses, periostitis, appendicitis,blepharitis, carbuncles, hydroadenitis, osteomyelitis, furuncles, sycose, dermatitis, folliculitis, pneumonia, peritonitis, cholecystitis, pyoderma, eczema, meningitis. An impressive list, isn't it? Also, staphylococcus affects the development of diseases with influenza, smallpox, wound infections and postoperative suppurations.
It is clear that no one wants to get staphylococcus. But prevention is easier than cure. Let's still learn what can be done to never get staph or get rid of it quickly.
Prevention and treatment
How staphylococcus is transmitted, we now know, and what to do in order not to get sick of them? For this you need to be clean and maintain your immune system at a high level. Therefore, carefully follow all rules of personal hygiene and strengthen the immune system in all possible ways: hardening, sports, vitamins, etc. Take seriously intimate relationships, do not go to bed to the first person you meet. Maintain cleanliness and order in clothes, at home. Carefully prepare food, choose for yourself only the best and freshest foods. If there are wounds or abrasions, do not disregard them.Carefully and properly handle damage with iodine or brilliant green, if necessary, use adhesive plasters and bandages.
How to cure staphylococcus? Let's say right away that this task is not simple. The main drugs used in the treatment of staphylococcus are antibiotics, but these survivable bacteria easily adapt to them. Do not self-medicate, but immediately run to the doctor! The specialist you need is a dermatovenerologist.
The doctor will prescribe a course of the most appropriate antibiotics that will need to be observed during the entire period of treatment. If you stop the treatment, not all bacteria will die, and the survivors will again begin to multiply and destroy the body. In addition to antibiotics, sulfa drugs can also be prescribed.
Unfortunately, bacteria that survive the treatment process mutate and thereby increase the resistance of staphylococcus to drugs. Each time the infection gets stronger and harder to beat. But there is also an alternative to antibiotics - means that can significantly weaken the action of bacteria and destroy them. These are some aniline dyes. Among them - brilliant green, successfully helping to cope with purulent skin lesions due to the actions of staphylococcus.
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