How to cope with colic in a small child?
If you recently had a child, then surely you have already learned what sleepless nights are. And in the first months of a baby’s life, colic is the most common cause of problems. And why do they arise? And is it possible to somehow help the crumbs?
What is colic?
Colic - is, in fact, attacks of pain in the abdomen, which occurs due to accumulation of air in the intestine. This air can not go out due to the insufficient formation of the digestive tract, it stretches the intestinal walls and thereby irritates the nerve endings.
If we talk about the features of infantile colic, then we can take the so-called "rule of three" as a basis. According to him, the problem most often occurs three weeks after the birth of the baby. An attack lasts an average of three hours. And the cramps last about three months. But such data are summarized and averaged, because you need to remember that each child is individual.
Colic is a completely normal phenomenon that most parents experience (about 70-80%). To avoid them is extremely difficult and even almost impossible, because this syndrome is an important step in the formation of the gastrointestinal tract, through which all children must pass. But the degree of expression can differ, and it is influenced by different factors.
- Incorrect breastfeeding. If the baby captures the nipple incorrectly, then in the process of sucking milk it will inevitably swallow air, which will then accumulate in the intestines and cause discomfort and pain.
- Parents do not give the baby a chance to burp the air after feeding. After eating, the child should be held in “a column”, that is, vertically for about 15-20 minutes so that all the excess air is released. And if this rule is neglected, then there will necessarily be a bloating.
- Incorrectly selected or used bottle. Breastfed babies also suffer from colic, and they are often caused by improper feeding, leading to swallowing air. For example, there may be a defective nipple.Also, the problem may lie in the wrong position of the bottle.
- Baby cries often and a lot. During crying, the child also swallows air, which enters the intestine and then causes colic. And in pain, the baby is crying too, in the end it turns out a kind of vicious circle.
- The child spends a lot of time lying down. In this case, the food eaten moves along the intestine more slowly than in an upright position, when gravity acts on it. As a result, it stagnates, which causes fermentation and, accordingly, bloating and increased gas formation.
Some believe that colic can provoke some foods eaten by a nursing mother. But how then to explain the fact that they occur in babies who are bottle-fed? So the food consumed by a woman does not in any way affect colic.
How do they appear?
Symptoms of colic may be different for different babies, because they depend, first, on the behavior of the baby (active and emotional children usually react more painfully to pain), the degree of sensations and even the behavior of parents (if dad and mom are nervous , then the child will also perceive colic as a strong stress).And yet, according to some signs, it can be determined that colic is the cause of the problems.
- A shrill cry. For example, if due to discomfort the baby may just whimper, then he will cry loudly and piercingly from the pain, perhaps with joy.
- Podgibanie legs also often a symptom of pain in the abdomen of the baby.
- Back arching. Scarce will intuitively try to alleviate his condition, bend to find a comfortable position.
- Tense reddened face.
- Increased in size, as if puffed up and hard belly. This suggests that the intestine is filled with air.
A characteristic feature can be considered the fact that in many children of the first months of life an attack usually begins at about the same time, for example, half an hour after feeding. Moreover, the time of day usually also coincides, up to certain hours.
How to help the child?
What to do if the colic in a newborn baby is strong and occurs frequently? Unfortunately, it will not work out to get rid of them altogether, so you have to be patient and just wait. But still you can help.
So, how to alleviate the condition of the crumbs?
- Calm the child, take him in your arms so that he feels caring and maternal warmth. Many pediatricians recommend the “belly to belly” position, in which the baby’s and the mother’s body are in close contact, which alleviates the pain and also promotes the discharge of gas.
- You can attach to the tummy warm diaper, which will act as a heating pad and relieve spasm of the intestinal walls, facilitating the release of accumulated gases.
- Try to massage the tummy, gently massaging it clockwise and not exerting strong pressure. Also, pinch the crumbs to the belly, so that the gases come out naturally.
- Use specialized pharmaceutical preparations. They can be divided into two groups. The agents of the first contain simethicone as the main substance, which turns air bubbles into liquid, but does not affect the tissues of the body. This category includes such drugs as Espumizan, Sab Simplex, and Bobotik. The second group contains natural ingredients, for example, fennel fruit extract, vegetable oils (dill). The most popular are the drugs "Plantex", "Baby Calm", "Bebinos".Also, some doctors recommend probiotics and prebiotics, since they normalize the intestinal microflora. But directly on colic such agents may not have any effect.
- Can help and some folk remedies. The most popular among them is dill water. To cook it, half a teaspoon of dill or fennel seeds (this is a type of dill), pour a glass of boiling water over it. Allow the liquid to infuse for half an hour, then cool, strain, and give the crumbs a teaspoonful or teaspoonful before feeding up to six times a day.
- If all else fails, use the vapor tube. But the use of such a device requires certain skills, so it is better to replace it with a small rubber baby pear with a soft tip that is cut at the bottom.
How to avoid?
Get rid of colic will not help even treatment, but you can try to minimize the likelihood of their occurrence, or at least reduce the extent of manifestations.
Recommendations for moms and dads:
- If the baby is breastfed, then make sure that he captures the entire nipple together with the areola.
- If the baby eats the mixture, then, first of all, select a suitable bottle (there are special “anti-colic” ones with a special nipple structure that minimizes the volume of air ingested). Secondly, keep the bottle at an angle (approximately 45-50 degrees) so that the air does not accumulate at the nipple, but at the bottom.
- Keep your baby upright more often.
- After feeding, wear the baby "column" for at least 15-20 minutes so that he burped air.
- If possible, do not let the child cry.
Healthy tummies to all kids and patience to their parents!
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