• How to protect yourself from HIV infection

    Infection with human immunodeficiency virus is not so difficult to prevent, knowing the ways of transmission of the disease. Today it is proved that infection occurs only through contact with the biological fluids of an infected person - blood, semen, vaginal secretions. HIV is not transmitted by airborne droplets or by contact-household means; therefore, to maintain health, it is enough to follow simple safety rules.
    The first rule of prevention is safe sex. Indiscriminate sex and sex without a condom increase the risk of infection. The absence of barrier contraception is allowed only if the partners are faithful to each other and do not have sex with anyone else. Unlike other types of contraception, the condom not only protects against unwanted pregnancy, but also protects against sexually transmitted infections.
    You can become infected with HIV not only during normal vaginal sex, but also during oral or anal intercourse, since the sperm or blood of your partner can enter the body in various ways.
    It is very important to choose the right sexual partners. The surest way to protect yourself from AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases is to prevent promiscuous sex and avoid frequent changes of partners. Monogamous relationships - a way to keep health in a pair.
    According to statistics, more than 70% of HIV-infected citizens of the Russian Federation use drugs. Intravenous injections of drugs are most often carried out under unsanitary conditions, the rules of sterility are violated, and often used syringes are used for injections.
    A small risk of infection is present in medical institutions during the various procedures. Doctors should use only disposable sterile instruments to prevent infection. Previously, there was a risk of acquiring HIV through blood transfusion, but today donors are carefully examined to ensure that no infected material enters the blood banks.
    Finally, there is a vertical way of transmitting HIV from mother to child. Nevertheless, even an infected pregnant woman has a chance to give birth to a healthy child. To do this, the doctor, leading the pregnancy, prescribes drug therapy, which reduces the risk of fetal intrauterine infection. In addition, physicians with particular attention to the process of delivery of an HIV-infected woman. She may be prescribed a caesarean section to minimize the risk of maternal blood and vaginal secretions entering the baby�s body.

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