How to use Photoshop?
The Photoshop program (Photoshop) was developed by Adobe Systems, and is recognized as the best in the field of photo processing and graphics creation. Many leading designers use Photoshop in their work when creating logos and design companies. Photoshop is also popular with web designers, allowing them to create layouts of future sites. PSD is a Photoshop program file format. With the advent of the latest versions of the program, non-linear processing of video files has been added, which is very useful when creating your own DVDs.
At work, Photoshop uses both raster and vector graphics. The developed system of layers allows full use of the capabilities of the provided program. This also includes using a set of different effects, the ability to adjust color levels, work with different palettes to specify colors (RGB, LAB, CMYK, grayscale, black and white, multichannel), adjusting the contrast and brightness of the image, the ability to process a single piece of the graphic file, retouching Photos - this is not a complete set of features, appreciated by professionals.
The developers created a huge toolkit in order to make it easier to use Photoshop, how to do it, consider below.
The ability to interact with the image
First of all, in the development of how to use Photoshop, consider such functionality as the use of layers. Layers are very convenient for separating parts from the overall picture, which allows editing a separate area without affecting the image as a whole.
For these purposes, a special window Layers (Layes), in which you can manage layers: create new, delete, move. To edit a single layer, make it active. Also, each layer has visibility and order. You can hide the layer, or place it in the background or in the foreground. For example, having two layers of the sun and sky, you can hide the sun behind the clouds, leaving only the edge of the fire disc to look out.
In Photoshop there is always a base background layer (background layer). The rest can be combined with each other, edit, change.
- Chain Sign: connects layers.
- Eye mark: controls the visibility of the layer.
- Brush mark: displays the active layer and the ability to edit.
History in Photoshop
Photoshop also has an amazing ability to undo the previous action. The program allows you to make up to 20 such cancellations. For convenient use of this function, developers provide a History panel, where the previous actions are displayed: applied layers, drawing, changing contrast, and more. So, having made a wrong step, you should not despair - everything can be corrected.
Basic Photoshop Toolkit
For the implementation of design solutions, as well as for artistic actions, the program offers a set of basic tools. With their help you can draw, select, change, move, brighten, smooth out any parts of the picture. The full functionality is huge, and it will become available to you in practice in how to use Photoshop. Now we provide a list of the most requested, placed in a separate toolbar, so:
- Highlight. You can select rectangular, oval areas, as well as a column or in length. You can select the area by hand, as you prefer, you should just circle the fragment. There is also a dotted selection of lines, from one to another, which, ultimately, form a polygonal region.
- Magic wand. Wonderful contour selection occurs automatically, you just click with the mouse.
- Move. Set the location of the selected object.
- Fill Solid color or gradient.
- Text. Ability to create fragments of text.
- Painting. Possible options for drawing with a brush, pencil, sprayer and other tools, while changing their size, pressure, texture.
- Eraser. Removal, grouting of unnecessary parts of the picture.
- Objects Drawing can be done with lines, ovals, rectangles, etc.
- Scale. The ability to scale the selected area.
- Colour. The picture can be lightened, darkened, smeared edges or make them clearer.
The program has great potential for photo retouching. In this regard, how to use Photoshop is not so difficult. To do this, use the image settings, as well as a huge set of filters that will take days to study. We will give examples of some of the most interesting options.
Sepia creating a retro style image
To use it, open the image file. Add a new adjustment layer, the procedure: "Layer" - "New adjustment layer" - "Photo filter".Next, select the filter under the name "Sepia" (sepia). Repeat the procedure, only this time in the filter window, select the name "Uderwater". In the end, you get an interesting retrospective effect.
Eye color changes
Consider how to use Photoshop to change the effect of the eyes. In an open photograph of a human face, we make an oval selection along the contour of the eye, drawing a circle. Further, with the help of a straight-line lasso tool, we remove the affected areas that are not related to the eyeball, this may be an eyelid, for example, which happens very often.
Then, create a correction layer as in the previous example, "Layer" - "New adjustment layer". And choose the color balance setting. Moving the sliders to green, blue, yellow or red, purple, orange colors, we get the desired shade.
In the end, we make the adjustment layer active, and change the effect of overlay, giving the eye color completeness and beauty of perception.
Create motion effect
It may be necessary to strengthen the movement of the object: the flight of a bird, a traveling car, a walking person. To do this, you can create a motion effect that enhances the effect of the image. You should do the following.
Open the required file.In the menu bar, select: "Filter" - "Blur" - "Motion Blur". In the filter parameters, set the angle to zero (Angle), and the offset is 50 pixels (Distance). The filter will create a blur effect for the entire image.
Next, you need to correct the area containing the object itself, to do this, select the archive brush from the toolbar, with which the old look of the painted area will be restored. As a result, we obtain an image of an object with the effect of movement on a photograph.
The toolkit of the program is truly great and multi-functional. This article will not be able to fully tell you how to use Photoshop. For confident work, and for how to use Photoshop at the highest level, it is worth spending a few days or even weeks. But in the future, it will allow you to create beautiful layouts of sites, make collages and professionally process photos.
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