What heating to choose?
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Living in a private house gives its owners a lot of advantages: they do not depend on utilities in the heating season, there is no need to pay excessive bills for hot water, you can connect your own electricity generator at any time, etc. But in order to fully experience these advantages, you need to wisely approach the organization of all systems in the house. It is necessary to foresee the possibility of connecting autonomous energy sources and the use of alternative heating devices, equip your own well, and also create a high-quality waste water disposal system.
Before installing an autonomous heating system, it should be determined with its type. You need to choose the equipment that will be the most efficient use of energy and is the most suitable for your home.
What to choose heating for home or cottage?
First of all, the question arises about the regular use of the heating system.Those who live permanently in their home can use any of the options, but if you visit the cottage from time to time, then it is better to avoid using water systems, as they can dissolve when the temperature drops drastically or break through during your absence.
Water heating for a private house
This is the most common variant of heating systems. In this case, water is used as the coolant, which is heated in the boiler and is supplied to radiators or floor heating pipes by means of a pump (or a gravity system with an open expansion tank). At the same time the boiler can work on gas, electricity or solid fuel. The choice of energy source to be used for heating water depends on the presence of a gas inlet or wiring designed for a heater in a few kilowatts.
Advantages of water heating:
- Uniform heat supply in all rooms, thanks to the possibility of creating an external circuit;
- Simple adjustment of the room temperature using shut-off equipment (by fastening or opening the tap as far as possible, you can control the flow of hot water in the pipes);
- A water system can be easily assembled and installed without the assistance of qualified professionals;
- Water is one of the cheapest coolants, its use significantly reduces the cost of the heating system;
- The volume of water in the system does not change during use, it can be replaced or refilled once every several years.
Cons of water heating:
- Enough long time of warming up the room compared to air heating systems;
- The possibility of pipe leaks due to corrosion or improper operation;
- Reducing the efficiency of radiators with heavy pollution by dust (they must be cleaned quite often);
- At low room temperature there is the possibility of freezing and breaking of pipes;
- Water used as a heat carrier should contain a minimum of salts and other impurities.
In addition, when designing a water heating system, it is necessary to correctly calculate the number of radiators and the length of the pipeline connecting them. You should also take care of installing an expansion tank for water.
Air heating systems for private houses
The principle of their operation is similar to industrial supply ventilation systems. With the help of a fan, air is blown through the heater or a special heat exchanger, after which it is injected into the pipeline, which supplies it to each room of the dwelling. Assembling and installing such systems is a rather laborious exercise that will require a lot of money. If you decide to make heating on the basis of an air system, then it is necessary in advance (preferably at the stage of housing construction) to take care of laying pipelines and allocate space for equipment.
Pluses air heating:
- The use of a humidifier that will automatically control the humidity in the rooms;
- Due to the lack of heat carrier, there is no risk of its leakage or freezing, which allows using this system both in seasonal housing and in the place of permanent residence.
- It is possible to connect the supply ventilation as well as the duct air-conditioning system to this heating system, which will make it possible to turn your heating into air conditioning in the summer.
- The high efficiency of the air system (about 90%) allows the most economical use of energy resources;
- The energy source can be any type of fuel that is available to you;
- The air heating system warms up the rooms very quickly, so that within a few minutes after switching on, the house will be warm;
Cons of air heating:
- The high cost of equipment and installation work on this system;
- The need to allocate a separate room for the equipment;
- Low inertia, which is why the room will cool down very quickly after turning off the heating system;
- For the operation of the equipment, it is necessary to have a constant availability of electricity.
Electric heating for a private house
This type of heating is quite popular with the owners of private houses. It can act as a primary or secondary system. To heat a house with electricity is very simple. You can install oil or infrared heaters in each room, install underfloor heating, etc. In addition, there is a mass of domestic fan heaters and convectors, allowing to heat the room using this energy carrier.
Pluses of electric heating:
- Quick installation;
- Low price of equipment;
- Very simple device design;
- High environmental friendliness.
Cons of electric heating:
- Lack of heat during a power outage;
- High cost of electricity;
- Oxygen combustion with open-type heaters.
Stove or fireplace heating for home
This type of heating is best used as an additional in homes with permanent residence and as the main dachas or small country estates. For its arrangement it is necessary to install a stove or put the stove / fireplace in the room. In addition, a large amount of wood and coal is required to maintain heat.
Advantages of stove heating:
- Full independence from third-party energy carriers (only firewood is needed);
- Absolute environmental friendliness;
- Quite fast warming up of the room;
- Lack of coolant.
Cons of stove heating:
- The need for a large amount of fuel to maintain heat;
- The lack of automatic temperature control;
- The need to throw firewood as they burn through;
In addition, using this type of heating, it is necessary to strictly observe the rules of fire safety.
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