What is the yacon and how is it useful?
Outwardly, the Yakon is very similar to Jerusalem artichoke, and not for nothing, because it is his distant relative. And to taste this fruit resembles something in between an apple and a watermelon. Agree, the combination is rather unusual. But for the inhabitants of Latin America, he is as familiar as potatoes for us. What is useful in this plant, and how it can be eaten, we will tell further.
Hope of the 21st century
That is what the yacon is called by many researchers. And all because his tubers are incredibly valuable for healthy and dietary nutrition.
For this reason, the growing area of the plant has increased significantly, as has the interest of those who monitor their health. A significant plus lies in the fact that cultivation can be practiced both in the open field and in a pot on the window. The only condition that is worth observing is the presence of a loose, well-fertilized soil.
Tubers become usable after the ground part of the plant is completely dry.But even the leaves are often used as an additive to tea or to make a syrup of them. A large number of organic compounds brings incredible benefits for diabetics, because the leaves contain natural sugar substitutes.
In addition, the underground root crop is rich in vitamins A, C, B1, B2, amino acids, potassium, phosphorus and selenium, and is a source of "spare carbohydrates", which significantly extend the energy reserves necessary for the body.
It is these substances in the complex have a positive effect on the body and help:
- Lower the level of cholesterol in the blood. Thanks to fructo-oligosaccharides, the body of a patient with diabetes receives a measured amount of vegetable sugar. This prevents the process of hyperglycemia from developing and significantly slows down the production of glucose in the liver.
- Normalize the cardiovascular system. Yacon is one of the products for the prevention of stroke and heart attack. A large amount of potassium helps to expand blood vessels and improve blood flow, and, consequently, reduce the load on the heart. Potassium also helps maintain fluid balance in the cells.
- Reduce weight.Those who struggle with extra pounds, nutritionists recommend that this fruit be sure to include in the diet. It is low-calorie (only 61 kcal per 100 g), has a slight diuretic effect, helps to eliminate toxins and improve metabolism.
- Feel the antioxidant effect. Selenium is its main “weapon”. Helping the body get rid of toxins, it contributes to the processes of regeneration and rejuvenation.
Recently, the beneficial properties of aacon have been discovered by manufacturers of cosmetic products, noting its positive effect on the condition of the skin and hair.
But there is a fly in the ointment in this barrel of honey. If used excessively, the root vegetable can be harmful. In particular, cause allergic rhinitis, increased flatulence, bloating, and even loss of appetite.
It is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating, in the postoperative period, as well as those who suffer from diseases of the kidneys and liver.
Use in cooking
Most of the relatives of Jerusalem artichoke are used raw as an ingredient for salads, cereals, snacks, cutting or grinding.
Incredibly simple recipe that will allow you to prepare an excellent substitute for harmful sweets.Cut the root into thin slices and bake in the oven for 5 minutes. You can sprinkle with a small amount of powdered sugar.
For it will need only two ingredients: cheese and yakon root. Root vegetables cut into plates, salt and season with spices. Cheese grate.
In a greased form lay out the ingredients, cover with foil and bake for half an hour. Serve with greens.
Together with the leaves, the fruit is sent to a juicer, after which a little sugar and cinnamon are added to the resulting drink. It has excellent refreshing properties, while saturating the body with useful substances.
If you still do not decide to use the tubers as an independent dish, they can always be combined with the usual products, giving them a savory taste. For example, with tomatoes, carrots, zucchini, meat, cabbage.
And in Latin America, on the basis of this vegetable, even an alcohol tincture with a pleasant melon flavor is made, with the pleasure of treating it to all tourists.
Delicious, unusual yakon - a useful supplement to a healthy diet of any person. But before you begin to actively use it, it will not be superfluous to consult with a specialist.Be healthy!
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