What is physiology?
By the word “physiology” we most often got used to understand the complex of the physical characteristics of a person and the structure of his body. At the same time, you should be aware that this concept is much broader than such ideas and implies a science that studies the functioning of the body. Therefore, in this article we will describe what physiology is, what history it has and what its main directions are.
The concept of “physiology” literally translated from Greek means “knowledge of nature.” The word, therefore, represents the science of all life, life processes are normal and with deviations. This science studies the patterns of vital activity of various biological systems. Since the discipline covers various broad areas, it is divided into general, particular, and physiology of locomotion.
The subject of the study of general physiology is the functioning of the organism as a whole, private - the specific structures of the organism, organs and cells, and the physiology of locomotion is engaged in the study and study of certain processes and systems.At the same time, all branches of science are aimed at uncovering the patterns of vital activity of various organisms and the process of their interrelations with the outside world.
History and directions of physiology
Works on physiology were made in ancient times. For example, Hippocrates, who is often called the father of medicine, even before our era assumed that the human body consists of liquid media and psyche. In addition, he also used in complex treatment the connection of each person with the habitat and the environment in which he lives.
At the same time, until the 18th century, physiology was considered a component of anatomy and, therefore, also of medicine. Today, science is roughly divided into the physiology of animals and people and the physiology of plants. In addition, it includes separate, but closely related sciences. So, the main areas of physiology are the following disciplines:
- molecular - studying molecules;
- cellular - examines individual cells and their functioning;
- physiology of microorganisms - is engaged in the study of the activity of microbes;
- mushroom physiology - explores the patterns of fungal activity;
- plant physiology - studies the livelihoods of organisms belonging to the plant world;
- physiology of animals and people, which involves the study of the vital activity of the organisms of the animal world and man and is interconnected with medicine.
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