• What is satire?

    Oksana Vasilyeva
    Oksana Vasilyeva
    February 5, 2015
    What is satire?

    The word "satire" is familiar to every educated person. But what is satire is not always easy to understand. After all, satire is a term not only from the field of art and literature, but even philosophy, politics and sociology.

    So what is satire in literature and art? Let's try to figure it out.

    Definition

    Satire is rather a moral category, as it serves to expose (ridicule) social and human vices through word, music, and visual means. So that the satire does not look like a sermon, it is diluted with humor and irony. From artistic means in satirical works of art and literature, hyperbole, sarcasm, allegory, parody, grotesque are also used. This means artistic comparison, exaggeration and ridicule.

    Application examples

    A striking example of satire in literature is the work of J. Swift, M. Twain, M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, M. Zoshchenko and A. Averchenko. Satire on stage (in show business) is parodist actors and satirical verse performers.A textbook example of satire in print is the Soviet satirical magazine "Crocodile" and a genre of journalism such as feuilleton. Representatives of the satirical direction in cinema can be called Charlie Chaplin and Stanley Kubrick. Modern punk rock bands such as, for example, the Sex Pistols also use satire in their work.

    Known since the times of ancient Greece, satire has not lost its relevance in modern realities. On the Internet, satire is actively used as an accusatory tool in video games, as well as on forums, in chat rooms and social networks.


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