What to write on the monument?
We all came to this world to leave. And from most of us in this world there is one trace - the mound of the earth, where our remains are hidden from people, but not from worms. By the way, I remembered one epitaph, which took place in real life: "It sits in a coffin of cypress wood and entertains the most exquisite worms." (On the tomb of a rich man).
Based on this, the conclusion - write what you want! But first we agree with the religion, according to the regulations of which we bury and set a gravestone. What to write on the monument and is it even possible to write something?
Christianity is more responsible for the cross than a monument or a stone. But it also does not prohibit replacing the cross with a monument, recommending that at the same time it is necessary to put up a cross for one year, and then change it to a ritual monument. Inscriptions Church if it recommends, it should be excerpts from the scriptures:
- God rest the soul of your departed servant
- Peace be upon you
In addition to inscriptions, they often put a symbol - a ball with wings. But this symbol is more pagan than Christian and means the sun god.In general, it is clear that Christianity allows for epigrams and epitaphs on slabs.
Judaism also allows inscriptions only if they are made in Hebrew (not in all areas), but in any other language. This rule must be obeyed even in the marks of dates of birth and death - they should not be set in accordance with the civil calendar.
But there is also an opinion that the epitaph in Judaism is an innovation (comparatively).
The following extracts from the scriptures are recommended:
- He was righteous and blameless and walked before God!
- I hope for your help, Lord!
- The Lord alone led him.
In other cases, the epitaphs of the Jews are perceived as a literary genre. Moreover, inflicted in Hebrew letters, poured into the whole art. Jews sometimes prefer very long epitaphs:
- Turn your eyes to this grave!
- For this is intended man.
- What do you, man, worldly pleasures? The world and those who live in it, everything is vanity! If your feet have walked on the straight path, you have planted seed here in the days of your life - He who sits above will reward you for it.
As for Islam, it is categorically against the inscriptions in general, especially epigrams and epitaphs.Some areas still allow you to write the names and date of birth and death, but only in order to recognize their loved ones. In the course of time, the inscriptions in Arabic script began to appear on the plates. It is not difficult to guess that is also of a religious nature.
Epitaph and epigram
Epitaph and epigram have a long history and they originated in the centuries BC. The inscriptions on the monuments were used both in the East, and in Rome and in Greece, etc. Epitaph can in principle be regarded as a kind of epigram that exists as an inscription only on graves (“epi” - above, “taphos” - a grave from the Greek). And epigrams are applied to all household items: a mug, a staff, a jug, etc. Over time, brief epigrams began to acquire a deep household meaning.
Epitaphs on a monument exist of a different nature: literary, mournful, wise, religious in nature and even satirical, ironic and humorous. For example:
Here Judy Ford is buried:
For the first time she sleeps alone. (Scotland)
From the death of the claws is not spared
Under the cold stone it smolders;
He is glorified in a lie in the chamber
He has a bed in the abbey. (Byron "Epitaph to William Pitt")
In radiance and in joyful peace,
At the throne of the eternal creator,
With a smile, he looks into exile earthly,
Bless the mother and pray for the father. (A. S. Pushkin at the tomb of the baby Volkonsky)
Epitaphs were created and created both by poets and borrowed lines from famous songs or from popular films:
"The land was empty without you ..." - why is it not a worthy epitaph? (The song of the same name performed by A. German.)
Authors of worthy epitaphs
You can get acquainted with good and profound epitaphs of various subjects by contacting the following authors: A.S. Pushkin, Okudzhava, O.Hayyam, R.Gamzatov, Zhukovsky, Nadson, Byron, Vysotsky. In the works of these writers and poets one can find epitaphs in verses, in prose, satirical and mournful, etc.
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